What is a DAO ?

What is a DAO ?

So what Is A DAO? And how Does It Work?

With no central leadership, a decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) is an entity that makes decisions from the bottom-up. Community-driven and organized around set rules, these organizations are enforced by blockchain technology.

DAOs are owned and managed by their members collectively. With built-in treasuries only accessible with member approval, decisions are made through voting on proposals during a specified period. They can serve a multitude of purposes without hierarchical management structures. 

Freelancer networks pool funds to pay for software subscriptions, venture capital firms owned by a group, and charitable organizations where members approve donations are all possible examples of decentralized autonomous organizations. In this article, we’ll look at the concept of a DAO in detail and how it works. Let’s get started.

What Is A DAO?

A DAO is a decentralized autonomous organization. It is a community-led entity with no central authority. The organization is run by a smart contract, which includes the rules and decision-making process for the group. The decisions are made by the group collectively and transparently. They can upgrade the rules and process as they see fit. The group also decides treasury allocations and other critical decisions about the project’s future.

Also, the group often decides on proposals and votes through collective decision-making. The flexibility of the system allows for groups to adapt as needed and make decisions that are in the best interest of the organization as a whole.

How Does a DAO Work?

DAO is a decentralized organization run by rules written onto the blockchain. The community members determine these rules through the use of smart contracts. The main purpose of a DAO is to fundraise and manage funds through token issuance. In return for their investment, token holders are given voting rights that they can use to make decisions about the organization’s direction. Once the code is pushed into production, it can no longer be modified without the community’s approval.

What Are The Benefits?

Several reasons exist why an entity or collective group of individuals might want to pursue this structure. Among the benefits of this form of management are:

  • Decentralization: With a DAO, decisions impacting the organization are made by a collection of individuals instead of a central authority. This allows for an equal distribution of power among the entity’s members.
  • Participation: A higher degree of participation among members within a DAO. This is because individuals have a direct say and voting system power on all matters.
  • Publicity: All votes cast in a DAO are publicly viewable, as they are recorded on the blockchain. This increases accountability and transparency within the organization.
  • Community: A DAO encourages people worldwide to come together and build a single vision. Token holders can interact with other owners regardless of location.

How Does a DAO Make Money?

A DAO makes money in a few different ways. Firstly, it can raise capital by exchanging fiat currency for its native token. This native token gives holders voting power and ownership proportion across the members of the DAO. If the DAO is successful, the value of the native token will increase. The DAO can then issue more governance tokens in the future at a higher value, raising even more capital.

Additionally, the DAO can invest in assets such as companies, NFTs, or other digital DAO tokens. If these assets appreciate in value, the DAO’s overall value also increases. Finally, the DAO may generate revenue through fees for services rendered or products sold. By pooling resources and talent, a DAO can provide various services and products to those needing them, generating income. It can even take the old classic management fees.

Limitations of DAOs

When setting up or maintaining a DAO, there are key limitations to keep in mind. Improper management can have severe consequences.

  • Slow Speed: A DAO requires every user to vote on decisions, which can take a lot of time, especially considering different time zones.
  • Education: The DAO is responsible for educating users on company developments and initiatives. With a CEO, only one person needs to be kept up-to-date.
  • Inefficiency: DAOs can get bogged down in administrative tasks because of the need to coordinate so many people. This can make them less effective overall.
  • Security: DAOs are susceptible to security breaches. Without proper technical expertise, votes can be cast improperly or decisions that break users’ trust. Even with security measures like multi-sig or cold wallets, there is the probability of DAO failing and can still be exploited.
venture capital fund


1. What’s The Purpose Of DAO?

A DAO’s sole purpose is to improve companies’ typical management structure. Rather than having one person or a small group making decisions for the entire entity, it allows every DAO member to have a say, vote, and propose new ideas. In addition, DAOs operate under strict governance rules encoded on a blockchain. This helps to ensure accountability and transparency compared to any traditional organization.

2. How Does DOA Solve Principal-Agent Dilemma?

The DAO concept provides a solution to the common problem known as the principal-agent dilemma. This issue occurs when there is a conflict of interest between those who make decisions (the agent) and those for whom the decisions are made (the principal). In business, this often happens when centralized leadership prioritizes their interests over those of the shareholders.

DAOs solve the principal-agent dilemma by giving power back to the community through governance. Stakeholders are not obligated to join a DAO and can only do so after they understand its rules. There is no need to trust an agent acting on their behalf because everyone works together as a group in such an organization with aligned incentives.

3. What Are Some Examples Of DAO?

Some popular examples of DAO include MakerDAO, DAOhaus, RaidGuild, and Proof of Humanity. These organizations differ in their purposes, but all use decentralized governance to achieve their goals. For example, MakerDAO is a protocol that introduced the world’s first unbiased stablecoin, DAI. Those interested in contributing to the protocol can vote on changes to the Maker protocol. Also, Mantra DAO is a decentralized finance platform.


Overall, a DAO is an entity that its participants govern. There’s no central authority figure in a DAO, and power is distributed among those holding the organization’s tokens. Because all activity and voting process within a DAO is conducted on a blockchain, all actions of users are publicly viewable. When setting up a DAO, security must be prioritized as any vulnerabilities could result in the loss of millions from the organization’s treasury funds.

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